Are Malls Responsible For Shooting Victims?

March 28, 2024
Personal Injury

Malls are often viewed as safe places to shop and enjoy leisure activities, but unfortunately, they can also be the target of violent attacks and deadly shootings. So you may be wondering, are malls responsible for shooting victims? In recent years there have been reports of shootings at shopping malls across the United States. This has prompted questions about whether malls are responsible for protecting their customers from potential shooting victims.

Marks Law Groups' experienced premise liability lawyers are here for legal representation and to answer any questions you have relating to financial compensation for a shopping mall shooting injury.

Are Malls Responsible for Shootings?

The responsibility of malls for shootings is a debated topic due to the frequency of mass shootings. Some argue commercial property owners of malls should be accountable for providing a safe environment. They claim that owners of shopping malls must have security measures to protect visitors and business owners. Others argue that malls aren't the cause of shootings and shouldn't be held responsible. The answer depends on each case's facts.


Courts may evaluate pre-event security measures to determine liability, including the experience, skills, and qualifications of security companies and security guards, what security systems were utilized, as well as the reasonable security measures that were implemented. If the mall's actions were inadequate, they may be liable for damages. Shootings at malls are tragic, and proper security measures should always be in place to prevent such events.

Malls Responsibilities of Shopper Safety

Malls are places where people shop, eat, and spend time with friends and family. Unfortunately, shootings can happen in these public spaces, putting shoppers at risk.

Mall owners have a legal duty and responsibility to keep their customers safe. They should have uniform security protocols in place, including regular patrols which include parking lots, adequate lighting, surveillance, and emergency evacuation plans. They should also have well-trained security personnel onsite who can quickly respond to any suspicious activity or potential threat.

Additionally, malls should regularly review and update their security measures to stay ahead of safety concerns.

It is the legal responsibility of mall owners to ensure a safe environment for shoppers. This requires implementing measures to prevent gun violence, such as metal detectors, surveillance cameras, and armed guards. Monitoring all entrances and exits is crucial.


Mall owners should also enforce strict policies against carrying firearms and other weapons. Ultimately, they must provide a safe and secure environment, and failure to do so may result in legal liability for any gunshot wound damages or injuries.

Duty to Provide Adequate Security Measures

Malls are responsible for providing adequate security measures to protect their patrons from being victims of shootings.

As public spaces, malls must ensure the safety and security of those who work, shop, or otherwise use their facilities. This means that malls must provide appropriate security measures such as metal detectors, CCTV cameras, access control systems, and trained personnel to monitor entrances and exits.

Learn How: Learn What to Do in the Event of an Active Shooter

Additionally, mall owners must also enforce strict policies regarding the possession and use of firearms or other weapons.

Who is Liable for Inadequate Security Measures?

When a shooting tragedy occurs at a mall, determining liability for inadequate security measures is complex.

Typically, the mall owners and operators are responsible for keeping their premises safe. This entails having effective security measures to deter crime and respond promptly to incidents. If security measures are insufficient, the mall owners may be considered the liable party and be held accountable for injuries and potential damages. This includes medical expenses, lost wages, emotional distress, and related costs. They may also face fines, sanctions, and legal penalties based on the severity of their negligence.

When Property Owners Can Be Held Liable

When a shooting occurs on private property, the owners of that property can sometimes be held liable for damages caused by the shooting.


For a property owner to be held liable, it must be proven that they had a duty of care towards the victim—essentially meaning that they had a responsibility to protect themselves from foreseeable harm. If it's found that the property owners failed in meeting this duty, they may be held liable for any damages or injuries that occurred as a result of their negligence.

Malls can be held legally liable for shooting incidents, depending on factors like security measures and awareness of potential threats. Insurance coverage often protects mall owners from this liability. Mall owners should regularly review and update their insurance policies to ensure sufficient protection.

Mall Ownership and Property Management Company Responsibilities

Mall owners and property management companies have a responsibility to ensure the safety of their shoppers. They should take steps to prevent shootings in their malls.

Shopping centers are places for relaxation, shopping, going to movie theaters, public events, and enjoyment. However, the safety of shoppers is compromised by gun violence.

Establishment owners and property management companies must address this issue. They should invest in security measures like metal detectors, CCTV cameras, access control systems, and trained and qualified security personnel. They must also enforce strict policies on firearms and weapons to prevent foreseeable crime.

How a Lawyer from Marks Law Group Can Help if You Are a Victim of an Unsafe Premises

If you’ve been injured due to unsafe premises, such as a mall, Marks Law Group can help. Our team of experienced shooting victim lawyers will review your case and determine the best course of action for seeking justice for victims of unsafe premises.

Malls are responsible for providing a safe environment for their customers, especially when credible threats have been reported. When they fail to do so, they can be held liable for any injuries or damages that occur as a result of inadequate security measures. Victims of these types of incidents may be entitled to compensation for medical bills, lost wages, emotional distress, and other related costs.

If you’ve been injured due to unsafe premises, contact Marks Law Group shooting victim attorneys today for a free initial consultation.